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1chol12Who we are ?

The Regional Cholera Platforms in Africa bring together multi-sectoral partners from different organizations involved in cholera prevention, preparedness, or response in the region.

Where we work?

We work in more than 45 countries across the two regions of Western & Central Africa (24 countries), and Eastern & Southern Africa (21 countries)

What we do?

The Regional Cholera Platforms aim to improve cholera control and prevention across Africa through operationalization of an integrated strategy towards elimination.

Welcome on the Regional Cholera Platforms in Africa

Cameroon Cholera Factsheet

CHOLERA OVERVIEW

Cholera was first reported in Cameroon in 1971. Since 1990, there have been large outbreaks in 1991, 1996, 1998, 2004, 2010 and 2011. The overall yearly trend shows an increase in size over time.Between 2004 and 2013, epidemiological surveillance reported 46,172 cases with 1,817 fatalities (high case fatality rate ≈ 3.9%).Main outbreaks were reported in the north in Far North and North regions and in the south of the country in the Littoral region which hosts the economic capital Douala.The country is affected by cross-border outbreaks, especially along its borders with Chad and Nigeria.

APERÇU DU CHOLÉRA
Le choléra est apparu pour la première fois au Cameroun en 1971. Depuis 1990, des épidémies importantes ont été enregistrées notamment en 1991, 1996, 1998, 2004, 2010 et 2011. La tendance générale montre une augmentation annuelle du nombre de cas (Fig. 1). Entre 2004 et 2013, la surveillance épidémiologique a notifié 46 172 cas avec 1 817 décès, soit un taux de létalité élevé de 3,9 %1. Les principales épidémies ont été enregistrées dans le nord, dans les régions du Nord et de l’Extrême Nord et dans le sud du pays dans la région du Littoral qui abrite la capitale économique Douala (Fig. 2 et Tab. I). Le pays est touché par des épidémies transfrontalières, en particulier le
long de ses frontières avec le Tchad et le Nigeria.

 

Go to the country page to continue reading about cholera in Cameroun / Pour lire davantage sur le Cameroun, rendez-vous à la page pays : Cameroun

Strategic recommendations
Outbreak onset and cross-border spread frequently occur in the regions of Far North, North, Southwest and Littoral (Douala). High-risk cholera regions are located on a corridor where outbreaks spread from and to neighbouring countries, mainly Nigeria and Chad, highlighting the importance of cross-border activities8 (Fig. 2). In those regions, preparedness and response plans should be developed and implemented including:

  1. strengthening early detection and rapid response systems of which community based surveillance and cross-border alert;
  2. setting up coordination mechanisms across the sectors and borders;
  3. building capacity on outbreak management;
  4. targeted pre-positioning of supplies and
  5. preparing communications messages and plans. Because of the high CFR, training on outbreak management and pre-positioning of supplies are highly recommended, especially in the Far North region.

 

Go to the country page to continue reading about cholera in Cameroun / Pour lire davantage sur le Cameroun, rendez-vous à la page pays : Cameroun

Attachments:
Download this file (UNICEF-Factsheet-Cameroon-EN-FINAL.pdf)UNICEF Factsheet Cameroon[ ]0 kB
Download this file (UNICEF-Factsheet-Cameroon-FR_FINAL.pdf)UNICEF-Factsheet-Cameroon-FR_FINAL.pdf[UNICEF Factsheet Cameroun_ version française]2337 kB

Supported by


European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
ECHO


UK’s Department for International Development (DFID)
UK AID


The United Nations Children's Fund
UNICEF

Our Offices

  1. UNICEF Regional Office for West & Central Africa (WCARO)
    Immeuble Madjiguene – Almadies Dakar
    P.O. Box 29720 Senegal
    Email : contact@choleraplatform.info  | jgraveleau@unicef.org

  2. UNICEF Regional Office for Eastern and Southern Africa (ESARO)
    Block F" and part of E" ,Gigiri United Nations Avenue  Limuru Road
    P.O. Box 44145  Nairobi, Kenya 00100
    Email : gtabbal@unicef.org
1

Dakar , Senegal

Email : contact@choleraplatform.info
2

Nairobi,Kenya

Email : gtabbal@unicef.org