WHO Cholera country profile
- In WHO Cholera country profile
- Mis à jour : 20 avril 2016
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Cameroon first reported cholera cases in 1971 when the current pandemic hit the African continent. More than 2000 cases were reported in 1971 with a high case fatality rate (CFR) of 15%. Very few cases were reported between 1972 and 1984. In 1985, more than 1000 cases were notified with a CFR close to 9%. In 1991,Cameroon reported more than 4000 cases with a CFR of 12%, and in 1996 the country reported 5786 cases with a CFR of 8.3%. A large outbreak occurred in 2004, when 8000 cases were reported in Littoral and West regions.
The outbreak which started in Bepanda, an area located in the north west of Douala, spread rapidly to other areas (New Bell and Nylon), and soon reached the entire town of Douala. The 6 health districts of the department of Wouri were affected. The outbreak was brought under control in Douala town in March but started again at the end of May with the onset of the rainy season. The second peak of the outbreak was reached between the 6-13 June 2004 with 700 weekly cases. Seventy physicians from Yaoundé were sent to Douala to support case management in cholera treatment centers. It was clearly established that the areas of Douala with lower access to proper water and sanitation were subject to the highest attack rates.
In 2005, Cameroon reported 2847 cases including 110 deaths (CFR 3.86%) with 70% of the cases from the Littoral region.
In 2006, Cameroon reported 922 cases including 35 deaths (CFR 3.8%). A first outbreak occurred from April to June in Bafoussam (Ouest
province) and a second one occurred in the Far North region in November.