WHO Cholera country profile
- In WHO Cholera country profile
- Mis à jour : 20 avril 2016
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Cholera Background History:
From 1970 to 1998, cholera cases were reported only from Conakry. In 1994, Guinea was marked by a major cholera outbreak accounting for 31 415 cases and 671 deaths (CFR 2.1%). Between 1996 and 2003, few cases were reported by Guinea though high case fatality rates averaging 9% were recorded. Annual cholera cases have increased again since 2004. In 2006, 1 786 cases including 154 deaths (CFR 8.6%) were notified.
The cases started to be reported in January in the districts of Lola and Guékédou (Guinea forestière). The outbreak in that region of Guinea (NZérékoré) reached it highest peak between 15-21 May with a weekly incidence of 138 cases. The overall case fatality rate was 9.4%. Progressively the reported cases shifted west in the regions of Conakry, Kindia and Faranah and a second peak occurred between 16 and 22 October with a weekly incidence of 247 cases (among them 169 in Conakry) with 15 deaths (CFR 6.1%). In 2007, 8 546 cases including 310 deaths (CFR 3.6%) were notified. Sporadic cases were reported in the districts of Forécariah and Kindia during the first 20 weeks of the year.
By the end of the year, cases were reported in 5 regions out of 8: Boké, Faranah, Kindia, N'Zérékoré and Conakry. Nationwide the outbreak peak was reached during week 34 (20-26 Aug) with a weekly count of 778 cases and 23 deaths (CFR 2.95%). 90% of the cases were reported from Conakry and its neighbouring region Kindia. In 2008, Guinea reported 513 cases including 32 deaths, yielding a high CFR of 6.24%.