- 26 avril 2016
This checklist is for people who plan and implement activities to control cholera. The checklist identifies what should be done in advance so that health workers can respond more effectively and efficiently to an outbreak of cholera.
This guide may be useful to:
- Coordinating committees that develop national or sub.national plans for controlling diarrhea epidemics. The checklist identifies the components that might be included in a plan.
- Program managers who manage and coordinate primary health care programs. The checklist identifies key elements of an epidemic preparedness plan, many of which can be linked with routine diarrheal disease control program activities.
- Technical consultants who review national or sub.national plans. The checklist serves as a reminder of components that should be included and the tasks to be done.
- Health administrators who need to define the types of technical assistance appropriate for their countries to deal with diarrhea epidemics.
- Students of public health for whom the checklist can serve to illustratethe multifaceted nature of epidemic diarrhea and the activities involved in controlling an epidemic.
In many countries, the most efficient way to deal with a cholera epidemic is through a coordinating committee whose members are drawn from different programmatic areas of the Ministry of Health, related Ministries, and the private sector.
The roles of these committees, which might be formed at national or sub.national levels, include all aspects of epidemic planning and response.
The topics dealt with in this checklist are:
- Planning, management, and administration
- Case management
- Epidemiology and surveillance
- Training of health professionals
- Water and sanitation n Laboratory services
- Logistics and supplies
- Information, education, and communication
Some tasks on this checklist are immediately lifesaving. Others contribute to longer. Term benefits to the nation's health. Tasks may need to be placed in priority order according to the immediacy of an anticipated epidemic, the possible effect of the task on reducing mortality, and the available resources.
How to use the checklist:
The checklist consists of a list of tasks under each area of planning. For some tasks, there are questions to assess the current state of the efforts to control cholera. If information is not available, a decision regarding the importance of collecting this information should be taken. If a given task is not a priority, efforts should be focused on other tasks to be done. Any priority tasks that have been overlooked should be included in the national plan.
Additional information for implementing the plan: For guidance on implementing a national plan that has been developed with this checklist, please refer to the following publications from the World Health Organization (WHO).
- Guidelines for Cholera Control, Geneva, WHO (1993).
- WHO Guidance on Formulation of National Policy on the Control of Cholera, Geneva, WHO (1992).
For more information, see the publications listed in the bibliography