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Cholera Fact Sheets - Latest Update

FS BurkinaWe are pleased to announce the release of the Cholera Fact Sheets Updates 2017.

The country cholera epidemiology and response fact sheets gather key information to inform cholera control strategies. Each fact sheet is composed by a general presentation of the epidemics and its distribution over time and space. Cholera hotspots are identified at the health district level (LGA for Nigeria) and classified based on the frequency and the duration of previous outbreaks in order to justify the priority level for the actions to implement. The dynamic of the epidemic propagation is analysed combined with the description of the livelihood and risk practices. Based on that, strategic recommendations are formulated for each country. In case of cross border epidemic, regional dynamics are highlighted.

The analysis of the cholera distribution, between 1970 and 2017, highlighted the areas where regional coordination needs to be reinforced to ensure efficient cholera control. The main areas for surveillance are the Chad lake, the ones along the Niger River, the ones along the Gulf of Guinea and the Nigeria borders.

The strategic recommendations are to reinforce the regional collaboration between the country of a same epidemiological basin, and to develop preparedness and response plans in each country (both at the national and community levels in the cholera hotspots). The community-based surveillance and a rapid response system must be reinforced. The capacity of the outbreaks response management must be strengthened and contingency plans shall be defined with the prepositioning of the materials required. Actions to improve access to WASH services shall also be implemented in the hotspot areas.

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